Flu, otherwise called as influenza is a communicable respiratory infection caused by different types of flu viruses. A person who is infected with flu virus will develop symptoms like soreness, fever, headache and muscle aches. Flu virus gets into the body via mucus membrane of nose, mouth or eyes. Each time when a person touches one of those areas with hand, there is a great possibility of getting infected with virus. Thus, it is very essential to keep the hands free of germs with thorough as well as frequent washing. It is also wise to encourage family members to follow the same to remain flu free and prevented.
Types of flu
Flu viruses are categorized as three types, named influenza A, B and C. Annual influenza epidemics is caused due to type A and B which have up to twenty percentages of the population aching, coughing, sniffing and running high fevers. The type C also leads to flu, however the symptoms are not much severe. The type A flu virus is frequently changing and is typically responsible for the major flu epidemics. The influenza A is further classified as two subtypes H and N. These subtypes of influenza virus are relied on proteins which are associated with the virus. Influenza B is the next type which results in seasonal illness. There are various strains of influenza B, but it does not have subtypes. Influenza C results only less severe respiratory illness and is not known to have been the cause for seasonal flu epidemics. Many people with influenza C might not be aware of their flu infection as the symptoms are same as that of cold.
Methods to combat flu:
Make strong your immune system: when your immune system is in right condition, it indicates that you are less likely to get infected with flu virus.
Consume plenty of vegetables and fruits: By taking vegetables and fruits, one can get accustomed to enough of vitamin C. The lack of vitamin C in your body is associated with the increased chance for respiratory infections.
Vitamin C supplement: The intake of vitamin C supplement is also the best method to combat the vitamin deficiency. It has been advised by health experts that taking vitamin C supplement to around 1.5 to 4 grams treats the very first symptoms of cold.
Exercise: Different exercise moves boost the function of immune system and pumps more fresh blood throughout the body. This leads to fresh nutrient supply as well as pumps more oxygen to various parts of the body, assisting them steer clear of infections.
Other supplements which are strongly suggested to combat flu are Echinacea and zinc. Echinacea tend to work by developing the count of white blood cells which fight against germs in the body and block viruses from being spread. It also increases the interferon production, a sort of protein which prevents virus from being reproduced in cells, hence killing away the infection.